Best jobs in New Jersey without papers

New Jersey is a state located in the northeastern region of the United States, in the metropolitan area of New York City. It is known for its diverse culture, its industrial and agricultural production, its historical sites and its beaches. It is also a state that attracts many immigrants who are looking for a better life and who do not have legal documents.

According to the Pew Research Center, there are about 475,000 undocumented immigrants living in New Jersey, representing 5.3% of the total population and 6.9% of the labor force. Most of them come from Mexico, India, Guatemala, Ecuador and other countries. They work mainly in sectors such as construction, manufacturing, services, transportation and health care.

In this article, we will explore some of the best jobs that are available for undocumented immigrants in New Jersey, as well as some of the challenges and risks that they face.

Jobs in construction

Construction is one of the main economic activities in New Jersey, employing more than 150,000 workers. The state has many projects related to infrastructure, housing, commercial and industrial buildings. The construction industry is also one of the most affected by labor shortages, which creates a high demand for workers.

Many of these construction jobs are performed by undocumented immigrants, who are hired by contractors or subcontractors to build or repair structures. They work with tools and materials such as wood, metal, concrete and asphalt. They face hazards such as falls, electrocutions, cuts and burns. They earn variable wages depending on their skills and experience. They have no benefits or protections.

Some of the best jobs in construction that are available for undocumented immigrants in New Jersey are:

  • Carpenter: A carpenter is a person who builds or repairs wooden structures or components. They may be involved in tasks such as framing walls, floors and roofs; installing doors, windows and cabinets; making furniture; or finishing surfaces. A carpenter may earn between $15 and $25 per hour.
  • Electrician: An electrician is a person who installs or repairs electrical systems or devices. They may be involved in tasks such as wiring buildings; installing outlets, switches and lights; troubleshooting problems; or following codes and standards. An electrician may earn between $18 and $28 per hour.
  • Plumber: A plumber is a person who installs or repairs plumbing systems or fixtures. They may be involved in tasks such as laying pipes; installing sinks, toilets and showers; fixing leaks; or unclogging drains. A plumber may earn between $16 and $26 per hour.

Jobs in manufacturing

Manufacturing is another important sector in New Jersey’s economy, producing goods such as pharmaceuticals, chemicals, food products, electronics and machinery. The state has more than 10, 000 manufacturing facilities that employ more than 250, 000 workers.

Many of these manufacturing jobs are performed by undocumented immigrants, who are hired by factories or agencies to operate or maintain machines and equipment. They work in assembly lines or production stations, following instructions and quality standards. They face risks such as noise, dust, heat and injuries. They earn average wages, usually above the minimum wage, and may have some benefits or protections.

Some of the best jobs in manufacturing that are available for undocumented immigrants in New Jersey are:

  • Machine operator: A machine operator is a person who operates or controls a machine or equipment that produces or processes goods. They may be involved in tasks such as loading materials; adjusting settings; monitoring performance; fixing problems; or unloading products. A machine operator may earn between $12 and $18 per hour.
  • Assembler: An assembler is a person who assembles or puts together parts or components of a product. They may be involved in tasks such as reading instructions; using tools; fitting, fastening or gluing parts; testing functionality; or packing products. An assembler may earn between $10 and $16 per hour.
  • Food processor: A food processor is a person who processes or prepares food products for consumption or sale. They may be involved in tasks such as cutting, slicing, peeling, washing, cooking, freezing, canning or packaging food items. A food processor may earn between $9 and $15 per hour.

Jobs in services

Services is another significant sector in New Jersey’s economy, providing services such as transportation, communication, education, health care, entertainment and personal care. The state has many companies, organizations and institutions that employ more than 3 million workers.

Many of these service jobs are performed by undocumented immigrants, who are hired by employers or customers to provide services to them or to others. They work in various settings and situations, interacting with people and meeting their needs and expectations. They face challenges such as language barriers, cultural differences, discrimination and harassment. They earn low wages, usually below the minimum wage, and have no benefits or protections.

Some of the best jobs in services that are available for undocumented immigrants in New Jersey are:

  • Driver: A driver is a person who drives a vehicle to transport people or goods from one place to another. They may be involved in tasks such as following routes; obeying traffic rules; loading and unloading passengers or cargo; collecting fares or fees; or maintaining the vehicle. A driver may earn between $10 and $20 per hour plus tips.
  • Cleaner: A cleaner is a person who cleans and maintains rooms or areas in homes, offices, schools or other places. They may be involved in tasks such as sweeping, mopping, dusting, vacuuming, sanitizing, disposing of trash or reporting damages. A cleaner may earn between $8 and $12 per hour.
  • Child care worker: A child care worker is a person who takes care of children in their homes, in day care centers or in other places. They may be involved in tasks such as feeding, dressing, bathing, playing, reading, teaching or supervising children. A child care worker may earn between $9 and $13 per hour.

Challenges and risks for undocumented immigrants

Undocumented immigrants face many challenges and risks when working in New Jersey without papers. Some of them are:

  • Legal issues: Undocumented immigrants are subject to deportation if they are caught by immigration authorities or law enforcement agents. They may also face fines, jail time or criminal charges if they use false documents or identities to work.
  • Labor issues: Undocumented immigrants are often exploited by employers or contractors who take advantage of their vulnerable situation. They may not pay them fairly, withhold their wages, force them to work overtime without compensation, deny them breaks or safety equipment, threaten them with deportation or violence, or fire them without cause.
  • Social issues: Undocumented immigrants are often discriminated against by society because of their ethnicity, language, culture or legal status. They may face racism, xenophobia, hate crimes, harassment or isolation. They may also have difficulties accessing health care, education, housing or other services.

Conclusion

New Jersey is a state that offers many job opportunities for undocumented immigrants who are looking for a better life and who do not have legal documents. However, these jobs also entail many challenges and risks that they must overcome.

Some of the best jobs that are available for undocumented immigrants in New Jersey are:

  • Jobs in construction: Carpenter, electrician and plumber.
  • Jobs in manufacturing: Machine operator, assembler and food processor.
  • Jobs in services: Driver, cleaner and child care worker.

If you are an undocumented immigrant who is working or looking for work in New Jersey without papers, you should be aware of your rights and responsibilities as a worker. You should also seek legal advice and support from organizations that can help you with your situation.

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